AILI News

AILI NEWS 2020/0324

1. AI對抗「新型冠狀病毒(COVID-19)」
 

目前全球受到新型冠狀病毒(COVID-19)影響甚鉅,為抑制病毒的傳播,各國開發AI系統用來預測與追蹤病毒的傳播、識別與分析病毒基因組成和開發病毒檢測試劑。美國白宮更下令要求研究人員使用AI技術分析有關冠狀病毒的學術文章,因電腦可比人類更快分析研究,並發現人類可能錯過的關鍵細節,有助於日後開發疫苗及提供治療方法。
 

2020/3/13 CENTER FOR DATA INNOVATION:How Artificial Intelligence is Aiding the Fight Against Coronavirus

https://www.datainnovation.org/2020/03/how-artificial-intelligence-is-aiding-the-fight-against-coronavirus/

2020/3/17 HEALTH IT ANALYTICS:White House Urges AI Experts to Develop Tools for COVID-19 Dataset

https://healthitanalytics.com/news/white-house-urges-ai-experts-to-develop-tools-for-covid-19-dataset

2020/3/17 REUTERS:White House urges researchers to use AI to analyze 29,000 coronavirus papers

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-tech-research/white-house-urges-researchers-to-use-ai-to-analyze-29000-coronavirus-papers-idUSKBN2133E6
 


2.歐盟發布「AI白皮書」
 

歐盟執行委員會(European Commission)發表《人工智慧白皮書》(AI White Paper)及數據政策(A Europe strategy for data),談論 AI 的使用規範。《人工智慧白皮書》內建議對AI訓練時需避免偏見,且應詳細記錄AI系統開發方式,並清楚告知使用者目前是在與AI系統作互動(而非人類)。因沒有對是否禁用臉部辨識的問題有更多的細節規範,有部分專家認為這份白皮書還是有些許的爭議,若能提及臉部辨識所帶來的危險與應對方式,會規範的更加完善。
 

2020/2/19 BBC NEWS:EU plans new rules for AI but experts seek more detail

https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-51559010

2020/2/20 NautaDutitlh:Artificial Intelligence White Paper: what are the practical implications?

https://www.nautadutilh.com/en/information-centre/news/artificial-intelligence-white-paper-what-are-the-practical-implications

2020/2/25 FORTUNE:The problem with the EU’s A.I. strategy

https://fortune.com/2020/02/25/eu-a-i-whitepaper-eye-on-a-i/
 


3. 英國開徵「數位服務稅」
 

英國財政部預計從今年4月起,將對在境內營收超過2500億英鎊且提供社群媒體、搜尋引擎或線上購物服務的跨國公司,開徵2%的數位服務稅。該項政策將衝擊到美國科技公司Facebook、Google、Amazon等跨國企業的營收,使英國在脫歐後與美國的貿易談判風險提高,恐引起美國的貿易報復。
 

2020/3/11 The Guardian:UK to impose digital sales tax despite risk of souring US trade talks

https://www.theguardian.com/media/2020/mar/11/uk-to-impose-digital-sales-tax-despite-risk-of-souring-us-trade-talks?

2020/3/11 CNN:US tech companies will be hit with new UK tax in just three weeks

https://edition.cnn.com/2020/03/11/tech/uk-digital-tech-tax/index.html

2020/3/16 Tax Foundation:Digital Services Taxes in Europe
https://taxfoundation.org/digital-tax-europe-2020/